Chocolate Babka is one of my favorite things to bake, and this is the recipe I always go back to. It’s easy, just the right level of richness, and makes what I think is a beautiful loaf.
Chocolate Babka Filling
What makes this Chocolate Babka a little different is the filling. Most recipes call for chopped chocolate to be sprinkled over the dough and rolled up as a spiral. With this recipe, you melt the chocolate along with a little butter and sugar. You then spread the melted chocolate mixture over the dough. I got the idea from a recipe on Epicurious and have used this technique ever since because it makes a memorable chocolate filling. It’s a bit messy to assemble, but still pretty easy if you have some dedicated freeze or refrigerator space to set the chocolate.
Here are a few chocolate babka photos taken through the years.
At one point I made babka for the Chicago Food swap, so I made it as mini loaves. Or to be more specific, 3×5 inch loaves. I still like the smaller size loaves because they’re easy to wrap, freeze and serve. So you can make Babka Mini Loaves or one regular 8 1/2 by 4 1/2 inch loaf
Chocolate Babka Folding Technique
I’ve added a few more photos of the process. Photography is not my strong suit, but even bad photos might be helpful, so here’s a little collage of steps. This is half the dough, which makes two mini loaves or one 8 1/2 by 4 1/2 inch loaf. In the first photo you have half the dough that’s been rolled into a cylinder and cut into two logs. In the second photo the logs have been split vertically and are ready for twisting. Third photo shows two twists and the fourth shows the twists squished into loaf pans.
Here’s a new photo showing what the twists look like squished into 8 1/2 b 4 1/2 inch pans. Instead of putting one twist in each pan as you would for mini loaves, you put two twists side-by-side in each of the larger pans.
Update: I recently updated the recipe so that it makes one 8 1/2 by 4 1/2 inch loaf or two 3×5 inch loaves. You can double it for one very large loaf or multiple small loaves.
- 1 3/4 cups bread flour plus additional for dusting (240 grams)
- 1/4 cup sugar (50 grams)
- 1 1/8 teaspoons fast rising yeast or 1 1/2 teaspoons active dry
- 1/2 teaspoon salt
- 6 tablespoons very warm milk 125F
- 1 large egg room temperature
- 1/2 egg yolk
- 5 tablespoons unsalted butter softened (70 grams)
- 1/2 egg yolk reserved from earlier
- 1 tablespoon whole milk
- 2 1/2 tablespoons unsalted butter (35 grams)
- 2/3 cup Ghirardelli bittersweet chocolate chips (120 grams)
- 2 tablespoons granulated sugar (25 grams)
- Combine the flour, sugar, yeast and salt in the bowl of a stand mixer with the paddle attached.
- Add warm milk and stir until well mixed, then add the egg and half a yolk and continue mixing until blended. You can do this by hand or use the paddle attachment of your stand mixer. Add the softened butter a chunk or two at a time and continue mixing, scraping down sides of bowl with a scraper. If the butter is not fully integrated, that is okay. The dough hook can finish the job!
- Attach the dough hook to the stand mixer and let the dough hook knead for about 5 minutes. The dough will be sticky and might not completely leave the sides as it is being kneaded. To make sure the dough feels right, stop the kneading occasionally and push dough off the side of the bowl and into the center with a scraper. It will be a sticky dough, but it should have some snap and elasticity to it.
- Scrape the dough into a bowl that has been greased very well with oil and roll the dough around so that it’s slick. Cover with plastic wrap and let rise in a warm place until doubled in bulk (about 40 minutes to an hour with the fast rising yeast). It should be a slick and oily dough. While the dough is rising, you may want to go ahead and get your egg yolk/milk mixture ready and prep your chocolate filling ingredients.
- Once the dough has risen, lay out a big pastry mat. You shouldn't need to flour the mat because the dough should be oily and not at all sticky. If the dough is sticky for some reason, you can use a little flour.
- Press and roll or pat dough it into a 16×11 inch rectangle. The 16 inch side should be on the bottom closest to you. If the texture of the dough is right, you should be able to do this easily without even using a rolling pin. You can just pat it.
- Prepare filling. Melt the chocolate and butter together in a microwave-safe bowl (I use a 2 cup Pyrex) on high stirring every 30 seconds. When completely melted, stir in the sugar.
- Now you are going to spread the chocolate mixture across your rectangle, but before you do brush a little of the egg yolk/milk mixture along the 16 inch side of the rectangle.
- Now spread the chocolate mixture all over the rectangle as evenly as you can.
- Working from the 16 inch side, loosen the edge with a bench scraper or thin spatula and roll upward into a tight 16 inch jellyroll and pinch edges to seal. Keep using the bench scraper or thin spatula to loosen dough from mat and push upward as you roll. Now you should have a messy 16 (ish) inch jellyroll.
- Carefully transfer the jellyroll to a piece of parchment and then to the freezer to set the chocolate. Don't worry too much if the log gets a little messed up during the moving process, just get it in the freezer. This is to set the chocolate and make the log easier to work with.
- While the dough is in the freezer, grease two 5×3 inch loaf pans or one 8 1/2 by 4 1/2 inch loaf pan and line with strips of parchment.
- Remove log from the freezer and set it on the pastry mat. At this point it will be slightly firm and cold but still malleable. With your hands, gently "neaten it" a bit so it's 16 inch cylinder. Cut in half crosswise so you have two 8 inch pieces. Take one of the pieces and cut lengthwise, exposing chocolate. Put the split pieces on their backs cut side up. Pinch the tops of the split pieces together and bring one strand over the other, alternating each time, until you have a twist. Repeat with remaining half of the jellyroll so that you have two twists.
- If you are making an 8 1/2 by 4 1/2 inch loaf, lay the two twists side by side lengthwise in the pan. If you are making two mini loaves, cut each of your twists cross-wise so that you have four small, stubby twists. Arrange the smaller twists in the loaf pan, squishing to fit.
- Preheat oven to 350 degrees F. Brush tops with remaining egg wash and sprinkle with sparkling sugar if desired. Bake for about 40-45 minutes or until a thermometer inserted reads 205 degrees F.
- Let cool completely (or let cool and freeze), then slice and reheat just slightly.
- Yeast: If you are using active dry yeast (as opposed to fast rising) you do not have to dissolve it. You can just put it in with the flour as you would rapid rise.
- For the chocolate filling, I’ve used all kinds of chocolate and really like the results I get with melted Ghirardelli 60% Bittersweet Chips. When melted chopped chocolate is used, the filling spreads more and is a bit greasier, whereas with the melted chip mixture it doesn’t ooze as much.
- Other recipes call for brushing the babka with butter, sprinkling with finely chopped chocolate and sugar. Those are probably great, but I have grown accustomed to the nice even distribution of melted chocolate.
Wow, these look so delicious. I thought of you yesterday when I got the email from King Arthur Flour about their latest BakeALong: Chocolate Babka!!!
The mini babka is just too cute! Looks like you got a beautiful texture out of it as well – looks light and airy. 🙂
I’ve made these a few times since and my biggest change is to melt the chocolate and butter together, add the sugar to the melted chocolate mixture, then spread it all over. I think that helps distribute the chocolate a little better. I was scared to do it at first because the traditional babka recipes seem to call for very finely chopped chocolate, but now that I’ve melted it with the butter (and added sugar), I wouldn’t do it any other way. Since I made that major change to the filling, I went ahead and posted my version below.
As for the bubbling issue, I got bubbles when I used melted chopped chocolate bars (melted) but did not get the bubbles when I used melted Ghirardelli bittersweet chips. Weird, eh? It has to do with steam separation and how tight you roll as well as the components in the filling. So try using melted Ghirardelli CHIPS as opposed to BARS and roll tightly. That should help. I guess when you use the chopped chocolate as the original recipe directs, you get more steam. If you want to read more about why pockets form, check out this conversation on Stack Exchange. It’s super helpful. http://cooking.stackexchange.com/questions/21699/why-does-bread-with-filling-separate-and-how-do-i-prevent-it
I made these yesterday. They taste good but I seemed to have a few issues. Mainly I got a big “bubble” on top of the loaves where there is basically a huge pocket of air under the top crust. Did I let the loaves rise too long? Also, your chocolate looks so even whereas mine looks a bit chunky. I chopped the chocolate (Ghiredellli bittersweet) and then gave it a pass through the mini food processor to try to break it up a bit more. It still had small chunks but I used it anyway. Was your chocolate more fine? I did three loaves instead of 4 and I think I overstuffed the loaf pans a bit. Again, they still taste great but my form seems off.
Well, I divided the dough into four loaves, but that’s about it. For the chocolate I used chopped up Dove Dark squares in a few loaves and chopped up Ghirardelli bittersweet chips in others. Since this was my first shot at babka, I didn’t want to stray too much from the recipe.
So you made the recipe as written? Seems like you usually adapt/improve it in some way! This looks like a holiday must.